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A hacker is somebody who uses their technical expertise to get into other systems and/or exploit weaknesses in them in order to gain access to information they should not be able to have access to. But how does this happen? How do these hackers find their weak spots and what makes them different from non-hackers? These are just some of the questions we will answer in this piece on hacking, but first let’s talk about what hacking actually means, as well as common types of hackers.

01. What is hacking?

It’s easy to conflate hacking with cybercrime. Hacking, though, doesn’t always have to have an ulterior motive. The term actually refers to getting around security measures put in place by an organization and not through malicious means—or at least, not necessarily malicious. That said, hackers do tend to get a bad rap because of their affiliation with cybercrime; all too often, attacks on information systems go underreported for fear that people will perceive them as fake news or simply no big deal. However, white hat hackers can be instrumental in identifying vulnerabilities and working alongside companies to ensure they’re properly patched up before a black hat hacker exploits them for nefarious purposes. To find out more about how these ethical hackers operate, read our guide on what is hacking?


02. Who are hackers?

A hacker is someone who likes to program, someone who finds pleasure in creating things. But for some people, programming is more than just a hobby—it’s an obsession. Some hackers build websites and some play video games, but others use their hacking skills for malicious purposes. Hacking has become an epidemic problem around the world and we want to know why. That’s why we spoke with a few hackers to find out what drives them. We found that all hackers are passionate programmers or scientists who don’t like being told they can’t do something; they’d much rather figure out how to get it done despite any obstacles in their way. To learn more about what drives hackers and how to stay safe online, read on! Here’s another example from my portfolio where I wrote 3 blogs based on each job description listed below.


03. Types of hacking/hackers

In order to better understand why hackers hack, we must understand who they are. By and large, they tend to fall into three types—white hat, grey hat, and black hat. White hats protect corporate networks by finding security flaws and then alerting companies so that fixes can be made. Grey hats enjoy stealing from companies but only ever do it for fun. Black hats are more vicious, breaking into computer systems not for their own pleasure but with malicious intent to steal credit card numbers or sensitive personal information for financial gain. The good news is that black hats are fewer in number than white hats and grey hats combined. The bad news is that most people don’t know which hat a hacker is wearing until it’s too late. It’s important to remember, though, that when a hacker breaks into your system, he’s already broken through your perimeter defenses; if you have no defense against him (or her), you’ve already lost. Your best bet? Make sure your data has a strong defense as well as an offense!


04. How Much Does A Hacker Make?

A simple Google search on the average annual salary for a hacker shows that they can make anywhere from $20,000 to more than $100,000. Obviously, these figures are rough estimates based on various factors including location and experience. These salaries do not include bonuses or profit sharing. But if you’re considering a career as a hacker (and many are), it’s good to know where you could be making. If you’ve got a few years of experience under your belt, don’t rule out those higher paychecks. Keep in mind though, that even with all that money flying around, hacking is still one of those careers that requires serious commitment. And don’t forget about your health insurance premium! For most hackers who work alone, there is no healthcare provided by their employer so plan accordingly!


05. How do I become a hacker?

When looking to get involved in any type of hacking, it’s important to remember that you don’t need to be an expert in computer science or work for a government agency to be a hacker. A hacker is simply someone who breaks things apart and puts them back together again. It doesn’t have to be computers, either; anything from creating origami art to building sculptures with scrap wood qualifies as hacking. So, when you’re starting out, focus on learning about hacking, experimenting with your own ideas and interests and finding ways to apply those skills in new and creative ways. These small successes will soon lead you down a rewarding path full of experimentation and creativity.


06. How does hacking affect my business?

Cybersecurity is an issue many business owners don’t think they have to deal with until they do. A survey by Harvard found that over half of small businesses had been hacked and 80% lacked a formal cybersecurity plan. And you might be wondering why these hackers are targeting your company. Well, it could simply be for their own entertainment, or maybe because your website is susceptible to DDoS attacks, or maybe it’s even because they have discovered a hole in your network from a past hack that has never been closed. It all depends on what their goals are and there is no way to tell until after it happens.

But if you want to protect yourself against any kind of cyber attack, here are some ways you can start doing so today. First off, make sure you know how to keep your information safe. Make sure your computer has antivirus software installed and run regular scans to check for malicious software. Also, only download programs from trusted sources like CNET or Softonic (these sites provide virus-free downloads). If someone sends you an attachment through email that looks suspicious, don’t open it! Instead, forward it to one of those sites and ask them if it’s okay before opening anything up.


07. What is Ethical hacking?

Ethical hacking (also known as ethical cracking, white-hat hacking, and other terms) is a computer security technique that involves protecting information from unauthorized access, use, disclosure, disruption, modification, or destruction. To accomplish its goal, it must be accepted by those whom it seeks to protect. The term is also used by criminal hackers to describe ethical hackers who perform penetration testing on computer systems using specific sets of authorization that are given to them legally. Using one set of authorization they are allowed to attack a system while another set prevents them from attacking anything outside their scope. Ethical hacking differs from penetration testing in that an ethical hacker receives authorization prior to testing a system; additionally, an authorized ethical hacker does not attack systems outside their scope or misappropriate client data for personal gain or benefit.


08. Hacking on Windows

Windows is a popular operating system developed by Microsoft. It was first launched in 1985, and since then has been continuously improved and updated; Windows 8, released in 2012, is just one recent update. Hacking on Windows usually refers to a kind of hacking that’s associated with breaking security measures put in place by Windows developers. For example, if you have an account on your bank’s website but you can’t log in because they’ve had some technical issues with their system, hacking on windows might be used to describe what you do when you reset your password (and start over) so that it works again. You didn’t hack anyone or anything—you simply reset what was set up by default. This is different from what most people think of as hacking, which involves getting access to sensitive information without permission.

If you’re interested in learning more about real-world hackers, check out our post on black hat hackers vs white hat hackers. In general, though, there are several types of computer hacking that are commonly discussed. Let’s take a look at them now. A Hacker’s Background: Hackers come from all walks of life. However, many people who identify themselves as hackers fall into two categories—white hats and black hats. White hats want to use their skills for good, protecting against cyberattacks rather than causing them. Black hats use their abilities for personal gain and profit, using their talents to cause harm to other individuals or companies. Many who call themselves hackers today fall somewhere between these two extremes. That said, understanding what each group stands for helps shed light on why they act how they do—and also gives us insight into whether we should trust someone who identifies himself as a hacker or not!


09. Hacking on Android phone

If you own an Android smartphone, there is a good chance that it’s been hacked by China. This doesn’t mean your phone will suddenly stop working or be full of viruses, but it does mean that your phone will now act as an espionage tool to monitor its user’s behavior and transmit that data back to China. In fact, Chinese hackers were found to have bugged an iPhone in order to spy on its owner. It is believed that these hacks are made with hardware malware called supply chain attacks where a hacker gains access to a server during manufacturing or at some point before reaching a consumer. The hacker then installs malicious software onto devices without anyone knowing. The best way to protect yourself from such attacks is by purchasing phones from manufacturers that run their own software stores and don’t use Google Play Store for apps. Another option would be to buy phones directly from Apple or Google themselves. Although these options are more expensive than buying a phone off-contract, they do offer better protection against hacking attempts like those mentioned above.


10. Hacking on Mac

Hacking and Apple products have become synonymous in popular culture. Mac users can’t seem to do anything without being interrupted by pop-ups warning them that they’re about to violate someone’s terms of service. The funny thing is, it’s not an Apple problem but a hackers’ problem—in many cases, even when you don’t intend to access certain information or take part in certain activities, hackers’ code can find a way onto your system through applications you download and open yourself. The only way to prevent these issues is by regularly updating your operating system software and remaining aware at all times. If you notice your computer behaving strangely, always ensure that you have up-to-date security software installed before acting on any potential threats.

Otherwise, be prepared for some unpleasant surprises. You may also want to consider switching from Mac to PC if you’re worried about getting hacked. A Windows PC isn’t impervious to hacking either, but there are fewer reports of viruses targeting PCs than there are targeting Macs. Also, Windows PCs tend to be more affordable than their Apple counterparts so if budget is a concern, you might want to consider sticking with a PC instead of making the switch from one type of hacker magnet device to another. However, if budget isn’t an issue and portability is important (laptops make hacking easier), then stick with what works best for you. It’s possible both platforms could get hacked; however, there are steps that can be taken on both devices (see below) that will protect your information better than doing nothing at all!


11. Hacking prevention

Apple has long been known for its relative security; however, that doesn’t mean it’s completely immune to hackers. You can still find viruses and other malicious software on Mac computers. A few security tricks can go a long way in protecting your Mac from bad actors—and you don’t need to be a computer whiz or master hacker to make them work. Here are a few easy-to-do tips that help you stay safe without installing antivirus software or other technology. (Skip directly to Securing Your Web Browser if you want advice specifically on how to best protect your web browser.) If you want additional protection against hackers, there are also third-party apps available that will run scans on your device and keep track of vulnerabilities. But again, these aren’t necessary for basic security steps. Most attacks happen because users download things they shouldn’t have downloaded—such as pirated music or movies, porn sites, torrent files (which may lead to malware), or simply by clicking links from unknown sources . . . To prevent an attack like that, remember these three words: Not now. If something seems sketchy but you really do want it, tell yourself not now and move on with your day. Better yet: delete it before even opening it!


12. Conclusion

So who are hackers? It’s a difficult question to answer with any kind of accuracy. There are white hat hackers, black hat hackers, hacktivists and many other varieties. The motivations behind their actions vary considerably from one person to another. In general, however, hacking is motivated by a desire for attention or notoriety—something which has become all too easy to attain in today’s society where everyone has a camera in their pocket. As technology and information security professionals, we have a duty to protect our citizens’ privacy and security; yet we also must continue to foster interest in computer science and related fields among young people.

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